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Research and project briefs




In July 2014, WSP / WB summarized the Service Delivery Assessment "Water and Sanitation in Viet Nam Turning Finance into Services for the future.

Please donwnload for summary report "Service Delivery Assessment" at http://www.mediafire.com/view/i7jv23fgft211n9/SDA_-_final_summary_sheets_EN_version_Sep_29(1)-1.pdf


The World Bank’s Water and Sanitation Program (WSP) has recently conducted a research on correlation between stunting in children with their sanitation conditions in rural areas of Vietnam.

The research aimed to answer the question “Is community level unimproved sanitation associated with child height in rural Vietnam?”. It used regression analysis, which looked at the relationship between a child’s height and household, social and environmental variables that might impact on a child’s height, including sanitation. Data that were used are from a nationally representative household survey conducted by UNICEF in 2010/11 called the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS4). To introduce the results of the research, WSP will conduct a short workshop in WB Hanoi office at 10:30AM on September 16, 2014.

Research brief can be download at http://www.mediafire.com/view/hbogcm3yd1dgd90/FA_Viet_Stunting_Brief_0909_lowres.pdf



In June 2014, WSP / WB finalized the Service Delivery Assessment "Water and Sanitation in Viet Nam Turning Finance into Services for the future.

Please donwnload for detailed report "Service Delivery Assessment http://www.mediafire.com/view/dmnc5r73ezs4f9w/EN-SDA_Vietnam_full_0612.pdf



We are very pleased to share with you the most recent Desk Review conducted by Water and Sanitation Program/WB and VIHEMA/MoH:

1) Rural Sanitation Policy
2) BCC Formative Researches and Materials




The Water and Sanitation Program (WSP) has launched a new Handwashing with Soap Toolkit, intended for water, sanitation and hygiene, public health and other development practitioners who use behavior change strategies to promote the critical need for handwashing with soap. The toolkit is organized into four modules. The first describes the theory of change in projects that target behavioral determinants of handwashing. Achieving sustainability in handwashing programs and integrating handwashing programs into existing services or programs are covered in the second and third modules, and the final module contains resources and publications resulting from the monitoring and evaluation efforts that contributed to the learning objectives of WSP’s Global Scaling Up Handwashing project.

Throughout the four modules, users of the toolkit can access narrated instructional presentations, research briefs, working papers and other tools informed by handwashing projects supported by WSP and implemented through government partners and local organizations on a large scale in
Peru, Senegal, Tanzania, and Vietnam. The modules within the toolkit give explanations and examples of the various materials and tools used to spur positive behavior change, including mass media, direct consumer contact, and interpersonal communication strategies. On specific country pages within the toolkit, for example, users can learn how sustainability in handwashing programs was achieved in Peru through integration in existing service platforms, or learn about what materials were used to deliver handwashing with soap messages among millions of women and children through the Vietnam Women’s Union.

Although handwashing with soap can help save children's lives by reducing preventable diseases like diarrhea and acute respiratory infections, it remains an uncommon practice in many countries.
For more information, contact This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it " target="_blank">Jacqueline Devine.

Population service International updated briefs summarizing PSI WASH results and social marketing approaches in both English and Vietnamese.  Hard copies are being distributed April 2013.

In 2012, PSI enabled more than 4,500 rural families without access to piped water to safe water, and reached more than 6,500 individuals with evidence-based, face-to-face, participatory behavior change communication messages designed to motivate consistent water treatment and hand washing behaviors.  Globally PSI uses private sector approaches to create sustainable markets for household water treatment, handwashing and sanitation behaviors.  In Vietnam, PSI has social marketed SafeWat household water treatment and handwashing behaviors since 2005 with support from multiple funders.  As of early 2013, PSI’s WASH social marketing coverage includes the rural districts in 5 provinces of the Mekong Delta region: An Giang, Dong Thap, Vinh Long, Hau Giang & Can Tho.  PSI is one of the few WASH partners implementing at district and commune level in these provinces.  Unfortunately, it is difficult to capture the coverage of PSI programming using the “Mapping of NGOs WASH Program Location & Project Time” template as PSI implements social marketing activities at scale, with an aim of reaching all rural households without access to piped water in provinces in which we work.

Evidence-based communications, using a variety of appropriate channels including heavily illustrated print, market and community events and commune loudspeaker campaigns are used to motivate rural, low-income households to practice WASH behaviors. In partnership with the Women’s Union, PSI reaches rural households with young children with evidence-based, face-to-face messages.  In 2012, PSI made significant investments in building the Women’s Union outreach network’s capacity to utilize and monitor evidence-based behavior change communication techniques.  More than 100 rural outreach workers were trained in 2012 to use participatory BCC tools –instead of typical lecturing approaches—to motivate families to adopt safer WASH behaviors. PSI works with commercial sub-distributors and a network of more than 1,000 commercial outlets as well as private clinics in the selected provinces to improve convenient access to affordable, quality water treatment and to promote hand washing with soap.


In 2008 SNV Netherlands Development Organisation introduced Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) to Vietnam. SNV quickly learned that CLTS alone was not enough to achieve Sustainable Sanitation and Hygiene for All. Together with local partners in Vietnam and across 17 districts within 5 countries in Asia, SNV tested a more integrated approach, and the promising results of their work are presented in a recently published paper: “Sustainable Sanitation and Hygiene for All -A sector development approach for Vietnam”.

The proven Sustainable Sanitation and Hygiene for All (SSH4A) approach integrates best practice in: sanitation demand creation; strengthening of sanitation markets; hygiene behavioural change communication (BCC); and strengthening governance, with special focus on gender and social inclusion. It is based on SNV and the International Water and Sanitation Centres (IRC) experience and expertise in institutionalising such practises at different levels of government and society and has been adapted and updated based on the experience of implementation.

Sustainable-Sanitation-and-Hygiene-for-All aims to facilitate the Government of Vietnam’s Ministry of Health development of the WASH sector. SNV is uniquely positioned to provide advisory services to the Ministry, as they seek to engage multiple stakeholders in a large scale effort to improve rural sanitation and hygiene to levels that match the modern country that Vietnam has become.

The essential characteristics of the Sustainable Sanitation and Hygiene for All approach are described in that paper. They include:

1. An integrated service delivery model, including professional learning

2. A sustainable sector as the long-term goal

3. Thorough, participatory and context specific preparation

4. Interlinked impact and capacity development targets

5. Combination of public services and market orientation

6. Attributing sector-functions to multiple stakeholders

This document has been produce in the hope that that it will contribute to bringing various stakeholders, including development partners, together on a joint path of working and learning to achieve Sustainable Sanitation and Hygiene for All in Vietnam.

The document is available at SNV’s website: http://www.snvworld.org/sites/www.snvworld.org/files/publications/sustainable_sanitation_and_hygiene_for_all_-_sector_development_approach_for_vietnam_0.pdf





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