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The results of the survey demonstrate the current critical situation of sanitation in rural Vietnam.

Hanoi , March 25th, 2008: The Ministry of Health (MOH) in collaboration with the UNICEF organized the workshop to launch the National Baseline Survey on Sanitation in Rural Vietnam and Supporting the International Year of Sanitation. 

Participants of the workshop were from different government ministries and agencies such as MoH, MoET, MoF, MPI, MARD, social and international organizations such as UN, WHO, WB, UNICEF, and various NGOs in Vietnam.

The results of the survey demonstrate the current critical situation of sanitation in rural . Only 18% of total households, 11.7% schools, 36.6% commune health center, 21% commune people’s committee and 2.6% commune market have hygienic latrines meeting the MoH standard (decision No. 08/2005/QD-BYT). The rate of rural people have access to clean water is very limited. Only 7.8% of the total rural markets, 11.7% of the rural population, 14.2% of the commune health centers, 16.1% of the commune people’s committee and 36.4% of the schools have access and use piped water. In addition, local knowledge is very poor, attitudes are different and behaviors are irresponsible towards themselves and their communities.  

The findings of this baseline survey have elicited some recommendations, which may provide direction for the activities for the national target programme (NTP) on rural water supply and sanitation phase II as well as relevant development objectives of and the millennium development goals. Accordingly, activities of the NTP II from now up to 2010 should focus on: 

-          Expansion of improving models on hygiene and sanitation; provide a wide introduction and application of standard designs of water and sanitation and hygiene facility construction for communities, schools and other public places. 
-          Focus on water quality with particularly in construction such as more piped systems; More IEC for guidelines on water source protection and treatment at the households and community levels. 
-          Specific and holistic investment in remote and disadvantaged areas. 
-          Acting as a bridge between the socio-policy bank and people at the community level for those who would like to borrow money from the bank. 
-          Construction of child friendly WES facilities for schools, proper facilities for commune health centers and other public places.



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