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On 5/10/2007, NTP II Standing Office organized a workshop on findings of Joint Annual Review for RWSS NTP II Implementation by a joint mission of the TPBS donors and the GoV. from 25/9 to 4/10/2007. The mission made 12 recommendations for better implementation of the NTP II

Detail

 
During 20-21 September 2007, the NTP2 Standing Office organized the workshop on “Implementation of RWSS NTP2 in pilot provinces”. The workshop served as a forum for relevant ministries, donors and pilot provinces to discuss, exchange on advantages and disadvantages during implementation and seeking effective modalities and solutions to obtain the objectives of the Program in the pilot provinces as well as standard and critical points and other commitments with direct budget support donors.

Detail

 
Donation for people in flooded areas of Huong Khe-Ha Tinh, Tuyen Hoa-Quang Binh with 400,000 water treatment Aquatabs valued more than 200 million VND.
 
On 16/10/2007, Vietnam Water and Environment Fund sent a group led by Mr. Nguyễn Đức Thắng, Vice President cum Director of WEF donated gifts for people in flooded areas of Huong Khe-Ha Tinh, Tuyen Hoa-Quang Binh. Accompanying this group were reporters from Tien Phong newspaper and representative of General water supply and drainage, environment company - MoC. The value of 400,000 tablets Aquatabs for donation was more than 200 million VND. 

With such donation, WEF would contributed to the solutions for clean water shortage by local peole in the above-mentioned areas during flood time. 
 
the debriefing meeting of the JAR was held in Hanoi on 5/10/2007.

From 25/9 to 4/10/2007 the RWSS NTP II Standing Office and NTP II donors organized a joint annual review/JAR mission of the NTP II implementation.

On the 5th October, the debriefing meeting of the JAR was held to report the fact findings.
The mission made 12 recommendations for better NTP II implementation.

 
 
WaterAid America recently released a study on economics cost of poor sanitation and benefits of improved sanitation
  • Absence of sanitation has large, direct and indirect economic costs, on the order of $38 Billion per year globally;
  • Benefits (return on investment) from low-cost sanitation provision are on the order of $9 per every $1 invested;
  • Other important benefits include increased female attendance at schools, prevention of environmental degradation, etc. 
The World Bank Water and Sanitation Program (WSP) is in the process of finalizing similar (but more detailed) studies conducted in 5 SE Asian countries, and which has come to similar conclusions.
These findings should prove useful for advocacy with national policy makers, donor agencies etc.
 
The demand-driven approach is expected to reduce risk of over-dimensioning or inadequate solutions. Thereby it is expected that the demand-driven approach will contribute to lowering the costs of sanitation and water-supply infrastructure. This will increase the efficiency of the Danish support and decrease the share of the investment that the households have to contribute.

To avoid over-dimensioning or inadequate support, the Danish support to Vietnam’s National Target Programme II for Rural Water Supply and Sanitation is widely based on a demand-driven approach. Thereby, the support will directly reflect the needs of the local population. 
Implementation of the initiatives in the Danish Water and Sanitation Programme offers challenges in terms of differences in the situations of each province in Vietnam. Construction costs for the mountainous North West provinces are some three times higher than for the Mekong Delta. Therefore a demand-driven approach is preferred to allow the provinces to develop provincial and context dependent solutions rather than applying country-wide standards. 
As a consequence of the demand-driven approach, information and education are important parts of the programme. Through information and education about issues like hygiene, the rural population will gain better understanding of the importance of their water and sanitation situation. After achieving this understanding, the population are expected to demand improved household sanitation and improved water supplies. 
The demand-driven approach is expected to reduce risk of over-dimensioning or inadequate solutions. Thereby it is expected that the demand-driven approach will contribute to lowering the costs of sanitation and water-supply infrastructure. This will increase the efficiency of the Danish support and decrease the share of the investment that the households have to contribute. 
In terms of governance, the demand-driven approach is in agreement with efforts of decentralising decisions. Involvement of local-level actors like community-based organisations may furthermore have spin-off effects on local-level democracy. 
In respect of schools, clinics and commune people’s committee offices, a purely supply driven model is followed in the Danish support. It is expected that by 2010, all rural primary schools, kindergartens, nurseries, clinics and commune people’s committees will have access to clean water and hygienic latrines. Likewise it is expected that 85% of the rural population have access to clean and safe water and 75% have access to sanitary toilets by 2010. 
Edited September 19, 2007
 

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