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A unique opportunity for getting $ 100,000, if you have that brilliant idea to solve the sanitation challenge faced by the poor. All it takes is a two page proposal detailing your idea to be submitted by May 19th, 2011!!!! Winning proposals get $ 100,000 and the opportunity to apply for a grant up to $1,000,000 to develop it further for the market.
Dear Colleagues:

The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation recently announced the opening of
Grand Challenges Explorations Round 7. As part of GCE Round 7, the Water, Sanitation and Hygiene team encourages you and others in your network to submit proposals for this year’s challenge, Create the Next Generation of Sanitation Technologies. The purpose of this call for proposals is to help make sanitation services truly safe and sustainable for the poor. Improving human waste containment and management technologies can help achieve this goal while growing and strengthening the sanitation service sector and providing employment.
Grand Challenges Explorations fosters innovation in global health research. Launched in 2008, Grand Challenge Explorations grants have already been awarded to 405 researchers from 34 countries.
Open to All Disciplines: Anyone Can Apply
The grant program is open to anyone from any discipline, from student to tenured professor, and from any organization – colleges and universities, government laboratories, research institutions, non-profit organizations and for-profit companies.
Agile, Accelerated Grant-Making
The initiative uses an agile, accelerated grant-making process with short two-page applications and no preliminary data required. Applications are submitted online, and winning grants are chosen approximately 4 months from the submission deadline.
Initial grants of $100,000 are awarded two times a year. Successful projects have the opportunity to receive a follow-on grant of up to $1 million.
More information is listed below; please visit our website for information about the application process
http://www.grandchallenges.org/Explorations/Topics/WaterSanitation/Pages/Round7.aspx. The deadline for your two page application submission is May 19, 2011 at 11:30 a.m. Pacific Time.

What is the Challenge?

Create the Next Generation of Sanitation Technologies

2.1 billion of the world’s urban population use non-piped (non-sewered) sanitation technologies such as latrines, cesspools, septic tanks, or aqua privies to capture and contain their excreta (fecal matter and urine). These types of sanitation “solutions” tend to be unsustainable and are often detrimental to public health. Water used for irrigation, bathing, household activities, and drinking is contaminated with sewage and excreta. Pathogens in uncontained fecal matter are spread throughout communities particularly in urban areas. The consequences for the poor are profound: an estimated 1.6 million children die each year from diarrheal diseases, many of which are caused by fecal-oral contamination.

Next Generation of Sanitation Technologies challenge focuses on developing solutions in four specific areas associated with non-networked sanitation for the urban poor:
          1. Hygienic and adequate pit/tank emptying and extraction;
          2. Recovery of energy from fecal sludge as a means for safe and affordable treatment and disposal;
          3. Appropriate sanitation solutions for areas challenged by an abundance of water (e.g. communities that face seasonal flooding, high groundwater tables, riparian or tidal communities, etc.);
          4. Easy to clean, attractive and affordable latrine pan / squatting platform technologies that enhance latrines.
      1. Fecal sludge extraction: Pit latrines and septic tanks are emptied either by manual laborers (family members, marginalized community members, or local craftsmen) or by mechanical emptying devices (vacuum pumps and tankers) when they fill up. Unsafe manual pit emptying thrives in many cities because mechanical emptying is unavailable or prohibitively expensive ($30-80 for a typical latrine). If available, mechanical equipment is often too large to access the latrines/septic tanks along narrow roads and alleys or the pumping distance is too long to perform the operation. Even when equipment can reach users, emptiers tend to evacuate the liquid waste fraction but leave the dense, difficult-to-remove solids that accumulate at the bottom of the pit.

2. Fecal sludge energy recovery
: Fecal sludge tends to be a serious community liability despite the resource value available for energy recovery. The majority of evacuated fecal sludge is either dumped locally in nearby streets or drains or taken to dumping sites where little if any treatment takes place. The indiscriminate dumping of a truckload of fecal sludge is the public health equivalent of 5,000 incidences of open defecation. Fecal sludge, however, is a concentrate of organic material with high energetic value. Energy can be derived through digestion, extraction, or combustion, simultaneously reducing the volume of sludge that must be disposed. Unfortunately, relatively few facilities are designed to recover the energy value from sludge and many existing facilities have fallen into disrepair.

3. Flooding and water challenges
: The majority of the world’s population centers are located along coasts and rivers. The poorest communities in these cities, particularly in Asia, often live on marginal lands that are prone to water hazards or over water bodies directly. Those living in tidal, riparian, high water-table and otherwise flood-prone areas will face increasingly severe weather patterns as climate change progresses. Existing conventional or “alternative” sanitation options are inappropriate for these areas or are unaffordable for poor communities or poor governments. The result is severe contamination of the water resources that people rely on for their livelihoods and daily household activities. Chronic or seasonal flooding brings this contamination directly into neighborhoods and households.

4. Latrine pan/squatting pan:
Most latrines (dry or pour flush) do not match the esthetic standards and preferences of users to make them desirable and attractive enough to be built in their living environment or used frequently. Current alternatives to ceramic squatting pans or platforms are designed with materials that are not desirable or easy to clean. This can make latrines unusable after even a few usages, especially if the toilets are shared by several household members, schools pupils, or are in public toilet blocks. As a consequence, open defecation is often preferred to using existing latrines. Children, and particularly girls, do not use school facilities; public toilets fail to provide an adequate level of service for public hygiene.

What we are looking for

We are seeking affordable, effective, and hygienic sanitation technology solutions that can improve the quality of sanitation services for the billions of people currently using non-piped sanitation systems. We are specifically seeking proposals for technologies that address emptying; energy recovery; wet-area sanitation challenges; and an attractive, desirable, and affordable pour flush pan/ squatting platform for latrines as briefly described above.

Proposed ideas must ultimately be designed for low income urban settings such as slums, informal and formal peri-urban settings, or dense rural settings in Sub-Saharan Africa and Asia where demand for fecal sludge emptying and treatment are high.

Innovations can be
new ideas or important improvements to existing solutions. Proposals must provide an underlying rationale, a testable hypothesis, and an associated plan for how the idea would be tested or validated.

We will
NOT fund behavior change programming (e.g., implementation of community led total sanitation or related approaches), boutique technologies that cannot be scaled, or technologies with capital or operating requirements that are inappropriate for serving the urban poor in developing countries.
Areas for innovation to be considered include:

1. Hygienic manual or mechanical emptying equipment for urban areas.
Technological solutions funded will enhance fecal sludge emptying business opportunities and improve quality and safety of service. Solutions/innovation should make emptying a hygienic activity with low operation and maintenance costs that allow emptying fees to be affordable to urban poor ($5-20 per latrine). Solutions should allow easy extraction of the consolidated heavy sludge accumulated in dry latrines or at the bottom of septic tanks. An advanced solution may allow safe filtration/separation of the solids fraction of fecal sludge in situ during an emptying operation. Ideally sludge transported to a designated disposal/processing site should have a high solids concentration.

Solutions should aim to meet as many of the following conditions as possible:
          · Increases the number of pits than can be emptied per day;
          Provides hygienic protection of the operator;
          Allows for easy navigation and operation in narrow lanes;
          Can be operated by maximum 2 persons;
          Sludge can be safely emptied into receptacle suitable for at least 5-15 km of transport;
          Removes heavy sludge/debris from the bottom of latrines/septic tanks;
          Mechanical equipment should aim to access latrines as far as 50m away;
          Separates solids/liquids in situ (i.e. dewatering);
          Allows for potential on-site or “en route” treatment of evacuated liquids and/or solids for safe local disposal;
          Based on affordable, robust, and locally available components.

2. Sludge processing for community energy generation in urban areas.
Technology solutions funded will process sludge in a manner that generates energy that is ready to use for communities at a decentralized scale (bloc to district level) and that eliminates the contamination of remaining effluents and/or solids.

Solutions should aim to meet as many of the following conditions as possible:
          · Low lifecycle costs, robust, and locally available components;
          Easy to operate, maintain, and service during productive life;
          Small land/space footprint at point of production and short processing/retention times (include quantitative estimates);
          Capable of processing highly variable sludge inflow qualities and quantities;
          Addresses odor nuisance;
          High rate of sludge elimination, energy conversion efficiency, and effluent decontamination in the energy production process (proposals should include quantitative estimates);
          Value of energy product generated should aim to cover operating costs of technology employed at a minimum (proposals should include quantitative estimates);
          Energy end-product should be market and user friendly and not require expensive or new investments at the point of use;
          Relevant for low-security settings;
          Safety / backup mechanism in the case of system failure;
          Proposals must explicitly and quantitatively articulate expected advantages of the proposed work relative to existing energy recovery technologies in the field.

3. Appropriate sanitation solutions for flooded zones (e.g. communities that face seasonal flooding, high groundwater tables, riparian or tidal communities, floating communities, etc.).
Technologies should improve upon or develop new sanitation technologies that cope with wet-environment conditions.

Solutions should aim to meet as many of the following conditions as possible:
          · Prevent infiltration from surface and/or groundwater;
          Provide robust and safe containment during heavy rain and flood events;
          Function in tidal, riparian, or floating communities;
          Low lifecycle costs, robust, and locally available components;
          Easy to operate, maintain, and service during productive life;
          Incorporate user-centered design elements that are appropriate for women, children, and “washer” communities and that are affordable for the ultra-poor (<$1/day);
          Proposals should articulate clearly how the innovation improves upon existing technologies for these areas in terms of reduced cost, increased community/user appropriateness, increased robustness, or other critical factors;
          Proposals should articulate clearly the type of water-challenged environment being targeted (e.g. tidal, seasonal flooding, etc.);
          Individual excreta bagging solutions will not be considered for this call.

4. Easy cleaning, and affordable pan / squatting platform, suitable for connection to an offset pit.
Attractive technologies that enhance latrine cleanliness and that have one or more of the following features:
          · Easy to clean and smooth;
          Attractive and offering a user experience and desirability similar to a ceramic pan;
          Able to be mass produced;
          Light weight and robust;
WSP Ha Noi

Water and Sanitation Program (WSP), the World Bank in Ha Noi seeks a Vietnamese Writer and a Technical Specialist to work as part of an Integration Kit Team comprised of three consultants, including an International Writer, a Vietnamese Writer and a Vietnamese Technical Specialist to develop, pre-test and finalize two HW integration tool kits including for WSP including:

    · Integration Kit for the Ministry of Health: work close with the MoH to develop guidelines to help health workers at the provincial, district and commune levels to integrate HWWS promotion guidance their current outreach activities such as, but not limited to, water/sanitation, child health and Avian Influenza, etc.
    · Integration Toolkit for the Vietnam Women’s Union: Using the same approach as above, work closely with the WU to develop an Integration Toolkit to enable provincial, district and commune level WU staff/members to integrate HWWS activities into their ongoing IEC activities, including, but not limited, to water/sanitation, “3 No’s, 5 Cleans” campaign, Avian Influenza activities, etc.

These two integration kits, one for each of the HWI’s key partners, will assist the Ministry of Health, Department of Environmental Management and the Vietnam Women’s Union to embed HWWS activities into their ongoing interpersonal communications activities to ensure the sustainability of activities after program funds cease.

Interested candidates can obtain more detail in the ToRs as attached. Candidates should send a 1) CV, 2) cover letter and 3) two writing samples to:

Ms Hoang Thi Anh Nga
Water and Sanitation Program
World Bank in Hanoi
8th floor, 63 Ly Thai To, Ha Noi
Email. This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it .

Submission deadline: December 28, 2010, 1:00 pm

(See attached file: Final TOR technical specialist.doc)(See attached file: Final TOR Writer Integration Kit.doc)

Water and Sanitation Scholarships for applicants from low- and middle-income countries. A message from the Water, Engineering and Development Centre (WEDC) at Loughborough University, UK http://wedc.lboro.ac.uk/

WEDC is one of the worlds leading education and research institutes for developing knowledge and capacity in water and sanitation for low- and middle-income countries.


WEDC are offering 15 scholarships for study by distance learning the four modules that make up a Postgraduate Certificate in Water and Environmental Sanitation, Water and Waste Engineering or Infrastructure in Emergencies.


The main criteria are that an applicant is:


- A national of a country on the list provided with the application form (i.e. low and middle-income countries);


- Resident in one of the listed countries during the whole of the study period, although this does not have to be the applicant’s home country;


-In receipt of, and has accepted, an ‘unconditional offer’ of a place to study on the relevant programme;


-Be able to pay themselves, or with family assistance (self-financing), in four stages the balance of fees of £1200 for the Certificate; and


-Be able to pay the balance (£300) of the first module fee by 1st December 2010.


Additional details and an application form can be downloaded from http://wedc.lboro.ac.uk/learn/learn307.html?q=1#1 


The deadline for receipt of all the relevant documents and the application form is Friday 29th October 2010.


Please forward this message to anyone who you think may want to apply.


Thank you


WEDC Admissions


Access to and Use of Research Results
The Programme for Partner Driven Cooperation at the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency, Sida, announces a call for applications for support to collaborative projects related to access to and use of research for 2010 - 2012. This programme is not support to research but rather assisting partners in accessing and using research in policy formulation and innovation.

Research and use of research results is fundamental for economic development and successful application of research often results when several actors are involved. Sidas initiative for Partner Driven Cooperation is aiming to support sustainable cooperation relationships.

This initiative concerns only countries in "Category 5 - Selective Cooperation Countries" - China, India, Indonesia, Vietnam, South Africa, Botswana and Namibia.
Grants are for maximum three years (2010-2012) and for a maximum of 1.5 MSEK per year. Sida is reserving 30 million Swedish crowns (SEK) per year 2010-2012 for this call.

For more information, see http://www.sida.se/English/Partners/Aktorssamverkan/Collaboration-Grants--Access-To-and-Use-of-Research-Results/

Applications are to be sent in electronically by latest 16.30, 1 October 2010 on http://ansok.net/sida/

SASNET - Swedish South Asian Studies Network
Lund University
Scheelevägen 15 D
SE-223 70 Lund

+46 (0)46 222 73 40 & +46 (0)46 222 36 06

mailto: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

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